Vaginal walls normally stay lubricated with a thin layer of clear fluid. The hormone estrogen helps in keeping linings of the vagina healthy, thick, and elastic. When estrogen levels drop, it also reduce the moisture present in the vagina.
Vaginal dryness can happen at any age and there are number of causes that can lead to this condition. While the condition might seem like a minor irritation but lack of moisture in vagina can create a huge impact on your sex life. However, there are a variety of treatments available to relieve vaginal dryness.
Causes of Vaginal Dryness
When women go through menopause, vaginal dryness can be a common symptom that they might experience. It is estimated that close to 1 out of 3 women deal with this issue. As women begin to age even more, the condition becomes even more common. The condition can also make the vagina thinner and less elastic, which again is another condition termed vaginal atrophy.
As stated earlier, low estrogen levels can cause vaginal dryness and estrogen levels can drop due to the following reasons:
- Childbirth and breastfeeding
- Cancer treatment methods such as chemotherapy and radiotherapy
- Surgical removal of ovaries
- Anti-estrogen medications generally used to treat uterine fibroids or endometriosis
Few other causes of vaginal dryness may also include:
- Sjögren’s syndrome
- Cold medications and allergy
- Certain antidepressants
- No enough foreplay before sex
Causes of Anorgasmia
The most common symptoms of vaginal dryness include:
- Soreness, burning sensation or pain inside vagina or lower vagina
- Itching, burning or soreness around the vulva
- Pain experienced during sex, which may sometimes also accompany light bleeding
- Urinary tract infection that keeps recurring
- Urge to urinate frequently
Thinner vaginal lips (labia)